Everything you need to know about the Olympic Games
Olympic games in 2021: What to know about them?
After a year's delay, the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games will finally take place. The coronavirus pandemic denied us the chance to experience the Olympic Games last year, but fortunately, in 2021, we will be able to see the best athletes on the planet gathered in the capital of Japan, although they will be under very unusual circumstances.
Despite the fact that Covid-19 is still present on the planet, the Olympic Games will be able to take place in time and form this summer and here we tell you everything we know about the event.
This edition will be named Tokyo Olympic Games 2020: Although they will be held in 2021, the Olympic Games will continue to be called Tokyo 2020 due to a rights and trademark issue. T-shirts, cups, mugs and all official merchandise will have this name.
The Tokyo Olympic games where rescheduled despite Covid-19: The International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the Tokyo 2020 Organizing Committee are determined that the Games will go ahead after several years of planning largely because of the amount of money that will be generated from television rights.
The organizers themselves mentioned that it would be impossible to postpone them once again, although between 70 and 80% of Japan's population does not agree with holding the event.
The spectators at the Tokyo 2020 Olympics: Japanese fans will be able to attend the competitions, but foreigners will not be allowed to attend, although exceptions will be made for athletes, officials and members of the press.
- Special guests and historic athletes: The IOC and the Tokyo 2020 Organizing Committee determined that the number of invitations to legendary athletes and other guests will be canceled or decreased.
- Sanitary measures against Covid-19 will be implemented in Tokyo to consider: The International Olympic Committee in conjunction with the International Paralympic Committee, the Tokyo 2020 Organizing Committee and the Government of Japan released in February the sanitary measures manuals for athletes, press and personnel with broadcasting rights.
- Among the main measures are those we have already known for almost a year from the WHO, although it should be noted that vaccination will not be compulsory to attend.
- The mascot of the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games and its meaning: The mascot of the Olympic Games is called Miraitowa and its name is a combination of the Japanese words for future and eternity. On the other hand, Someity is the mascot for the Paralympic Games and takes its name from a popular variety of cherry tree, "Someiyoshino", and is reminiscent of the English phrase "so mighty".
- There are some new sports to see: Baseball and softball return to the Olympic program after a 13-year absence. The new sports are: Karate, surfing, sport climbing and skateboarding. In addition, new events were added in traditional sports such as 3x3 in basketball, the Madison race in track cycling and several disciplines such as swimming, triathlon or archery will add relays or other mixed team modalities.
- Schedule: The Olympic Games will be held in Tokyo, Japan, from July 23 to August 8, although some events will start their activities on July 21 and 22. The Paralympic Games, which were also delayed by one year, will be held from August 24 to September 5.
- Soccer tournament starts before the Olympic Games: The soccer tournament starts earlier due to the format of the tournament and it is necessary to start earlier to finish within the Olympic Games. Its start date will be July 21, although the official dates for all matches have not yet been announced.
- The torch Olympic games relay: The Olympic Torch relay began on March 25 and the opening ceremony was held behind closed doors, and the routes are announced 30 minutes before the torch relay to avoid crowds. Until April 13, the Olympic torch is in Osaka.
- Meaning of the Olympic games rings: It is the Olympic symbol that expresses the activity of the Olympic movement and represents the union of the five continents, as well as the gathering of athletes from all over the world at the Olympic Games.
- "These five rings represent the five parts of the world devoted to the cause of Olympism, ready to accept their fruitful rivalries. Indeed, the six colors thus combined reproduce those of all nations without exception," said Pierre de Coubertin, founder of the modern Olympic Games.
What are the Olympic Games?
The Olympic Games (O.G.) (or Olympics) are the largest international sporting event in the world, in which athletes representing virtually all existing countries (about 200 in total) compete over several days of a multidisciplinary event organized every four years. It is one of the most televised and celebrated sporting events of contemporary times.
The Olympic Games are held in two different modalities, two years apart: the Winter Olympic Games and the 2020 Summer Olympic Games, logically different in their sport modalities. The two events are produced and coordinated by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), an institution in operation since 1894.
In these Olympic Games, athletes from all over the world compete to set world records and reward the most talented in the 28 disciplines practiced in the summer edition and the 15 disciplines of the winter edition.
During each competition, female and male athletes are involved separately and first, second and third place are awarded: gold, silver and bronze medals.
This sporting event enjoys worldwide acceptance and recognition as an icon of peace among nations. It has been interrupted on a few occasions since the beginning of its modern tradition at the end of the 19th century, due to the great World Wars of the 20th century.
However, its origin took place in the to the ancient times of Ancient Greece.
Some interesting facts about the history of the Olympic games
The Greek Olympic Games were held until 393 AD. The celebration of the Olympics dates back to Greek antiquity (around the 8th century BC), when they were held to pay homage to the Gods of the Olympic Pantheon to whom the ancient Greeks worshipped (hence their name: Olympics).
They were great sports festivals that brought together all the warriors and wrestlers of the Greek nations in a series of competitions to choose the best and award them with prizes that would make them eternally recognized and remembered.
In addition, during the celebration of these competitions the "Olympic peace" (ékécheira) was decreed in which all nations had to lay down their weapons and armies.
These ancient Olympic games were celebrated until the year 393 A.D., practically twelve hundred years before they were taken up again by contemporary mankind. The interruption was due to the adoption of Christianity by the Roman Empire, a religion that always frowned upon all kinds of pagan heritages and festivals.
The tradition of the Olympics was revived at the end of the 19th century, when a French nobleman, Baron de Coubertin, decided to create an Olympic Committee to coordinate a new Olympics, paying homage to those of antiquity and recovering their message of peaceful competition between the different peoples of humanity.
The celebration of the Olympics in the 20th and 21st centuries modified what was celebrated in the tradition, incorporating new disciplines, creating the Winter Olympic Games and also the Paralympic Games, for athletes with some form of disability, or the Youth Olympic Games, for adolescent athletes.
Olympic sports disciplines
The Tokyo Olympics will feature 339 events, 33 sports and 50 disciplines. There will be 5 new sports (baseball/softball, karate, skateboarding, climbing and surfing), as well as 15 new events within existing sports (such as 3-in-3 basketball and BMX freestyle). The other disciplines are:
- Aquatics: artistic swimming, scuba diving, swimming, water polo
- Athletics (marathon and race-walking competitions have been moved to Sapporo)
- Baseball (new sport): baseball, softball
- Basketball: basketball, 3-on-3 basketball
- Canoeing: slalom, sprinting
- Climbing (new sport)
- Cycling: BMX freestyle, BMX racing, mountain biking, road cycling, track cycling
- Equestrian: dressage, show jumping, etcetera.
- Field hockey
- Gymnastics: artistic, rhythmic, trampoline
- Karate (new sport): kata, kumite
- Modern Pentathlon
- Rugby 7-a-side
- Olympic shooting
- Skateboarding (new sport)
- Surfing (new sport)
- Table tennis
- Volleyball: volleyball, beach volleyball
- Wrestling: freestyle, Greco-Roman wrestling
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